<![CDATA[Scott-Bollinger.com]]>https://scott-bollinger.com/https://scott-bollinger.com/favicon.pngScott-Bollinger.comhttps://scott-bollinger.com/Ghost 3.14Sun, 14 Jun 2020 06:41:24 GMT60<![CDATA[Video Notes: Bob Plankers @plankers Overview of vSphere 7]]>https://scott-bollinger.com/overview-vsphere-7/5ee3f2d1f3a34302d4ced78eFri, 12 Jun 2020 22:19:45 GMTVideo Notes: Bob Plankers @plankers Overview of vSphere 7

Having not, had any hands on yet, with vSphere 7, I wanted an overview of what to expect. In this video Bob gives his picks, and below are a few that stood out for me.

Bob Plankers @plankers highlights vSphere 7 features
https://youtu.be/XkP6QCutw9k

Improved Lifecycle management, simplify hardware firmware patching/configurations, as well as VMWare software upgrades. Nowhere to go but improvement from here in my opinion. VMWare patching has always seemed clunky, and disjointed to me. Yes, 6.x as an improvement over 5, but I'm hoping for a more streamlined, single paned process, this time.

vCenter profiles, vCenter servers can subscribe to configuration data from another vCenter server, and now have the ability to import and export vCenter configurations.

Content Library, checking in and out of templates, and version control.
Windows server failover clustering against VMDKs, this will enable the virtualization and removal of RDMs, and the complexity they brought with failover.

Identity Federations, the ability to move authentication to your enterprise Identity provider, enable MFA, for a more centralized user management.
vMotion, faster, with lower stun times, and the ability move an encrypted VM cross-vCenter with vMotion without decrypting.

Watch his video and enjoy. I can't wait to lab this stuff!

]]>
<![CDATA[International Organization for Standardization (ISO)]]>https://scott-bollinger.com/international-org-std-iso/5db42e430ec6cc5199d37eb2Fri, 25 Oct 2019 16:00:00 GMTInternational Organization for Standardization (ISO)

If you've worked in technology, for any length of time, you've probably heard of ISO. It may had been in class, a book, or when working with a particular standard defined in your area of technology. I had as well, but nothing beyond the obvious of, they do standards in multiple counties. Usually it was the standard itself, that was my focus. This time I wanted to take a look.

The International Organization for Standardization "(ISO) is an independent, non-governmental international organization with a membership of 164 national standards bodies...bringing together experts to share knowledge and develop voluntary, consensus-based, market relevant International Standards." Ref https://www.iso.org/home.html

Begun operations 1947 and based out of Geneva, Switzerland. Knowing the acronym for the name would be different for the different languages, "the founders decided to give it the short form ISO. ISO is derived from the Greek isos, meaning equal. Whatever the country, whatever the language, we are always ISO." Ref https://www.iso.org/about-us.html

Standards "include almost every industry, from technology, to food safety, to agriculture and healthcare." Ref https://www.iso.org/home.html

]]>
<![CDATA[Migrating the website to Ghost]]>Pardon the missing links, etc, as I cut things over.

]]>
https://scott-bollinger.com/migrating-the-website-to-ghost/5dad17b750b59409631c6a5dMon, 21 Oct 2019 02:28:33 GMT

Pardon the missing links, etc, as I cut things over.

]]>
<![CDATA[Study Notes: HTML details Tag A Thing I Learned Today]]>https://scott-bollinger.com/html-details-tag/5dac0b26bc8a2305d4203777Thu, 19 Sep 2019 16:00:00 GMTNeeded An Easy QA SolutionStudy Notes: HTML details Tag
A Thing I Learned Today

Looking for a way to make a simple Question and Answer solution for little quiz/reflection sections in my blog posts, I came across many CSS/JS solutions, but the simplest solution, was to use the HTML details tag. I could pose a questions, unveil an answer, just what I needed.

The details tag encapsulates a summary and paragraph tag, that when the summary item is clicked, it reveals the paragraph text. There is also an attribute which specifies if the paragraph details are visible to the user by default.

See the snippet below, as an example.

Study Notes: HTML details Tag
A Thing I Learned Today
Screenshot of a HTML snippet of the Details Tag

Example of details tag

Item Title

Text to be Expanded

Resources:

Quackit

Study Notes: HTML details Tag
A Thing I Learned Today
Screenshot of Quackit's page for the details tag

W3schools

Study Notes: HTML details Tag
A Thing I Learned Today
Screenshot from W3school's details tag page.

]]>
<![CDATA[Microsoft RD Client iOS App for Remote Desktop RDP]]>Remote Desktop Protocol

Working in a mostly Microsoft environment, it's no surprise, most of my lab is Windows based as well. Remote administration has gotten easier with things like PowerShell, and WMI, but at times, jumping on the GUI desktop is what's wanted.

My primary device for the last year

]]>
https://scott-bollinger.com/microsoft-rd-clientios-app-for-remote-desktop-rdp/5dac23bcbc8a2305d42037caWed, 03 Oct 2018 16:00:00 GMTRemote Desktop ProtocolMicrosoft RD Client
iOS App for Remote Desktop RDP

Working in a mostly Microsoft environment, it's no surprise, most of my lab is Windows based as well. Remote administration has gotten easier with things like PowerShell, and WMI, but at times, jumping on the GUI desktop is what's wanted.

My primary device for the last year has been an iPad Pro Air. With the exception of a few things like sniffing wireless or injecting packets, this was a total laptop replacement. Recently, I've acquired a Mac Air to enable me to run Xcode, and use as a development laptop, so a Mac App would be nice too!

Microsoft RD Client
iOS App for Remote Desktop RDP

My Pick

I tried quite a few Remote Desktop apps, before finally selecting Microsoft's Free Remote Desktop Client. It does everything I need it to, and they have a companion Mac iOS app.

It has a solid interface, and performs great on a both high speed LAN, and slow remote VPN. The touch interface can be switched to mouse quickly when needed, and you have the choice to use the on screen keyboard, or a Bluetooth keyboard.

Microsoft RD Client
iOS App for Remote Desktop RDP
Microsoft RD Client
iOS App for Remote Desktop RDP

Wish List

There are a few wishes for future features, such as, Bluetooth mouse support like the Citrix X1, or Jump Desktop Connect App, and the syncing of settings, and remote desktops configs. Though the Mac version does let you import and export, there was no way to import and export from the iPad or iPhone, that I can find.

Give it a try, next time you're looking for an RDP app!

]]>
<![CDATA[Create VMware ESXi USB Install Media]]>https://scott-bollinger.com/create-vmware-esxi-usb-install-media/5dac2f06bc8a2305d4203801Sun, 05 Aug 2018 16:00:00 GMTSomething PhysicalCreate VMware ESXi USB Install Media

It's not often I install anything from physical media anymore, but it still has it's uses. This USB stick, will be used to install ESXi, on my Intel NUC's, and the Mac Mini, in am upcoming post. I'll explore PXE boot in the future, as well, once the core infrastructure is completely operational.

Prep

Download the ESXi ISO from the VMware Download Website. This ISO needs to be written to the USB, and be made bootable. There are many applications which can do this for you, in this example, we'll be using UNetbootin.

Download the appropriate version for your OS. In this case, we'll be using apt-get to install UNetbootin on Ubuntu 18.04.

Create VMware ESXi USB Install Media

Add Repo

Open a terminal console, and type the following, to add the apt repository: sudo add-apt-repository ppa:gezakovacs/ppa

Create VMware ESXi USB Install Media

Install UNetbootin

Type: sudo apt-get update

Then type: apt-get install unetbootin

Type Y, to install

Create VMware ESXi USB Install Media

Installing

Create VMware ESXi USB Install Media

Write ISO to USB, and Make Bootable.

From the Ubuntu desktop. select activities, and search for unetbootin, and click to open.

Create VMware ESXi USB Install Media

UNetbootin gives the option to select, and download a distribution/version, or an ISO can be chosen.

Create VMware ESXi USB Install Media

Select Diskimage, navigate to, and select the VMware ESXi downloaded from earlier. Click OK to begin.

Create VMware ESXi USB Install Media

Extracting files to be written to USB, and Installing bootloader.

Create VMware ESXi USB Install Media

Click Exit, when the installation is complete.

Create VMware ESXi USB Install Media

Viewing the USB in a file manager, the VMware install files can be seen.

Create VMware ESXi USB Install Media
]]>
<![CDATA[Intel NUC Lab Hosts Hardware Setup]]>https://scott-bollinger.com/intel-nuc-lab-hostshardware-setup/5dac268fbc8a2305d42037d8Sun, 05 Aug 2018 16:00:00 GMTHosts for the New LabIntel NUC Lab Hosts
Hardware Setup

It was a long time coming, buying proper Lab hardware. If you read my post here, then you know the state of my Lab prior to the rebuild. It was after reading a couple of Blogs by Florian @virten, one of which was https://www.virten.net/2018/05/esxi-on-7th-gen-intel-nuc-kaby-lake-dawson-canyon/, that I decided on the Intel NUC.

It's performed exceptionally well, and met my requirements of, remote vPro/ilo connectivity, as well as low power consumption. I have two in operation, servicing the lab, and am quite happy with the speed/performance, as well as, the ease of upgrade/install.

As I've mentioned in prior posts, you don't need a bunch of expensive hardware to learn, and have a working lab. It's just easier to configure, and allows you to run more virtual machines at one time.

Lab along with me, and I hope you enjoy!

Lab Intel NUC HW Build

All the parts have arrived. Let the fun begin.

Intel NUC Lab Hosts
Hardware Setup

The NUC in the palm of my hand for comparison. It feels heavy and well made, even empty.

Intel NUC Lab Hosts
Hardware Setup

Bottom unscrewed, and bottom/drive chassis set off to the back. Everything was very accessible, making it easily upgradable.

Intel NUC Lab Hosts
Hardware Setup

Unplugged the drive vhassis, and moving it aside, to install the SSD.

Intel NUC Lab Hosts
Hardware Setup

Bottom unscrewed, the drive chassis unplugged, and removed. DIMM Slots on the right, NVMe slot on the left.

Intel NUC Lab Hosts
Hardware Setup

Installing the WD SSD in the drive chassis

Intel NUC Lab Hosts
Hardware Setup

With the Corsair 2x16GB Vengeance DDR4 Installed.

Intel NUC Lab Hosts
Hardware Setup

With the Samsung 970 Pro 512GB NVMe Installed

Intel NUC Lab Hosts
Hardware Setup

Parts List

Samsung 970 Pro 512GB NVMe PCIe M.2 2280 SSD (MZ-V7P512BW)

Intel NUC Lab Hosts
Hardware Setup

Corsair CMSX32GX4M2A2400C16 Vengeance 32GB (2x16GB) 260-Pin DDR4 SO-DIMM DDR4 2400 (PC4 19200) Memory

Intel NUC Lab Hosts
Hardware Setup

Intel NUC 7 Business Mini PC Kit Tall with vPro Technology (BLKNUCi7DNH1E)

Intel NUC Lab Hosts
Hardware Setup

WD Blue 3D NAND 1TB PC SSD SATA III 6GB/s 2.5"/7mm Solid State Drive WDS100T2B0A

Intel NUC Lab Hosts
Hardware Setup
]]>
<![CDATA[Installing Microsoft SQL 2016 and Management Studio]]>https://scott-bollinger.com/installing-microsoft-sql-2016and-management-studio/5dac3138bc8a2305d4203817Sat, 04 Aug 2018 16:00:00 GMTCore SQLInstalling Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio

I'm installing MS SQL 2016 in this lab. Things like WSUS, will be moved here after their default installs, to see how those migration processes work. Later, these databases will be moved to a clustered environment, to explore that migration path, as well.

Another Building Block Down!

Mount the ISO, and Install

Prepare a Windows 2016 VM, patched current, network configured, and joined to the domain.

Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio

Download, and mount, the SQL ISO from Microsoft Downloads

Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio

Double click on the Mounted Drive, and begin the installation.

Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio

The initial Planning section has installation documentation, a system configuration checker, as well as an Installation Advisor to identify possible issues that need to be resolved.

Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio

Click on the Installation section on the left. Select the installation type, in this lab, I'm selecting a stand-alone installation.

Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio

Select Evaluation, or enter your license key. Click Next.

Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio

Accept the EULA, and click Next.

Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio

Select Check for Updates, and click Next.

Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio

It's scanning for updates.

Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio

Click Next.

Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio

Select the features to be installed, and click Next.

Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio

Name the instance, or accept the default, and click Next.

Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio

Click Next

Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio

Choose Mixed Mode, assign SA password, and specify administrators.

Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio

Click Next

Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio

Click Next

Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio

Click Install

Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio

Installing

Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio

Click Close, when complete.

Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio

Install Management Studio

Select Install SQL Server Management Tools.

Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio

Click Install

Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio

Installing

Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio
Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio
Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio
Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio

Click Restart

Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio

SQL, and the Management Tools should now be listed on the Start Menu.

Installing Microsoft SQL 2016
and Management Studio
]]>
<![CDATA[Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA) in the VMware Lab]]>Stage 0

Download the VMware vCenter Appliance ISO from VMware Downloads, and Mount it on the VM you will be deploying vCenter from.

Navigate to the installer.exe for your Operating System.

Stage 1

Click Install

Click Next

Accept the EULA, and Click Next

Select Deployment Type. For this initial

]]>
https://scott-bollinger.com/deploy-vmware-vcenter-appliance-vcsa-in-the-vmware-lab/5dac33eabc8a2305d4203829Fri, 03 Aug 2018 16:00:00 GMTStage 0Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Download the VMware vCenter Appliance ISO from VMware Downloads, and Mount it on the VM you will be deploying vCenter from.

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Navigate to the installer.exe for your Operating System.

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Stage 1

Click Install

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Click Next

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Accept the EULA, and Click Next

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Select Deployment Type. For this initial lab environment, and ease of deploying, an embedded PSC is chosen. Click Next.

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

For the Host the VCSA is to be deployed, enter the hosts IP address, port, user, password, click Next.

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Click Yes, to the SSL certificate warning. We will be fixing that later.

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Assign a VM name, root password, confirm, and click Next.

Select the appropriate deployment size for the environment. For the lab Tiny is fine.

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Configure the network settings. Assign addressing information, and click Next.

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Click Finish to install.

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab
Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Click Continue with complete.

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Stage 2

Click Next

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Click Next

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Create a New SSO Domain. Assign a local domain name, administrator SSO Password, and click Next.

I've deselected participating in the customer improvement program for the lab. Click Next.

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Click Finish

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Click OK

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab
Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab
Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Stage Setup

Open the VCSA in a browser tab https://IP, and select the client you wish to use.

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Log in to the VCSA with the user@domain.local chosen above.

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Right click on the VCSA listed on the left, and click New Datacenter, to create the first datacenter in the environment.

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab
Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Assign the new datacenter a name.

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Right click on the datacenter, and select Add Host, and add any hosts you have already installed.

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Enter the Host's IP address, and click Next.

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Click Yes

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Click Next

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Click Next, to accept the Eval license, or enter your lab license.

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Click Next, Lockdown Mode will be explored in another lab.

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Click the datacenter, and Next.

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Click Finish

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

The host, and any local VM's it has should be listed in vCenter.

Deploy VMware vCenter Appliance (VCSA)
in the VMware Lab

Stage Left

Oh, things are getting exciting now. So many ways to go in the lab now. A few more core items to install like a SQL environment, Backup, and of course more Infosec stuff.

]]>
<![CDATA[Installing the First Two Domain Controllers in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment]]>Keys to the Kingdom

Time to install the Active Directory Domain Controllers, centralized user management, Group Policy, Single Sign On (SSO), deploy applications, among other fun. Active Directory is the foundation of any enterprise Microsoft environment, there will be many things to explore in the upcoming labs.

Create the First

]]>
https://scott-bollinger.com/installing-the-first-two-domain-controllersin-the-vmware-esxi-6-7-lab-environment/5dac3625bc8a2305d4203835Fri, 03 Aug 2018 16:00:00 GMTKeys to the KingdomInstalling the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Time to install the Active Directory Domain Controllers, centralized user management, Group Policy, Single Sign On (SSO), deploy applications, among other fun. Active Directory is the foundation of any enterprise Microsoft environment, there will be many things to explore in the upcoming labs.

Create the First DC

Open a connection with the VMware Host, or vCenter, and Select Create VM.

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Assign the VM a name, select the compatibility, Guest OS family, Guest version, and click next.

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Choose the datastore, to store the virtual machine files.

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Customize the VM settings as desired. Change the network card to VMX3NET for better performance, and change the CD/DVD to the location of the Microsoft 2016 installation ISO.

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment
Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Click Finish, to Create the VM

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Power On the VM, and click on the remote window, to open a remote console session tab.

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Windows Install

You should see the VM boot off the Windows 2016 Install ISO. Press any key to boot from the CD

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment
Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Select Language, Time/Currency format, Keyboard Layout, Click Next.

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Click Install Now.

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Select the edition of 2016 Server to install, Standard or Datacenter. Choose Desktop Experience for a GUI desktop, else it's Server Core.

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Accept the Terms of Service, and click Next

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Choose which disk to install Windows.

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Installing

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Set the Administrator password, and verify.

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Install VM Tools

The first thing needed, is to install the VMware Tools, which will optimize the performance, and interaction with the Guest OS.

In the VM Actions, select Guest, then Install VMware Tools

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Once the disk is mounted on the Guest VM, run the install.

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Click Next

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Select the type of setup to be installed. I've chosen the default of typical. Click Next

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Click Install

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment
Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

When the install is complete, click Finish.

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Click Yes to Reboot

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Log back in after reboot

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Configure Network

From Server Manager, click on the nic, in this case Ethernet0

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Assign a Static IP, Subnet, Default Gateway, DNS server, and click OK.

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Click on the Computer Name, click OK.

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

A name change requires a reboot. Reboot, and log back in.

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Patch for Life

Click on Windows Updates, then Check for Updates.

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment
Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Select, and apply any available updates.

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Reboot when required, and log back in.

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment
Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Continue to check, and apply updates, until no more are available.

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Enable RDP for Remote Access

In my lab environment I'm enabling RDP, and selecting to allow non network authenticated clients. This is not a secure setting and is only used here to ease setup of the lab, until the core is up.

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment
Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Create the second Domain Controller VM, install, assign Hostname, assign IP, enable RDP, and patch until current.

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Install Domain Controller, DNS, and Group Policy

To install the DC and DNS roles, and Group Policy Feature, navigate to the Server Manager Dashboard, and select Add Roles and Features.

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Click Next

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Click Next

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Click Next

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Select Active Directory Domain Services

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Click Add Features

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Select DNS Server, and click Next

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Select Group Policy Management, and Click Next

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Next

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Next

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Select Restart server if required by clicking Yes

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Click Install

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Promote the DC

Once complete, Click on Tasks, click Post Installation Configuration, and promote this server to a domain controller

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Select Add New Forest, assign a Root Domain Name, and click Next

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Leave the defaults, and assign a Directory Services Restore Mode Password

Click Next

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Click Next

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Click Next

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Click Next

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Click Install

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

When the install is finished the server will reboot.

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment
Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Add ADDS Role to LabDC02

Click Next

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Click Next

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Click Next

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Click Install

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment
Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Promote DC02

Click Promote this Server

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Select Add a Domain Controller to an existing domain, and Click Next

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Supply Credentials to Domain

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Assign, and confirm DSRM Passord. Click Next.

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Click Next

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Click Next

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Click Next

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Click Next

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Click Install

Installing the First Two Domain Controllers
in the VMware ESXi 6.7 Lab Environment

Coming Along

The lab is coming along. With the addition of Active Directory, a lot of stuff will get easier. For example, SSO on VMware, Group Policy Management, Updating, and Patching.

]]>
<![CDATA[Macchanger Utility, and Usage Exploring the Command Syntax]]>Exploring Macchanger

Used it before, but nothing beyond changing the MAC, and moving on? In this lab, the macchanger command syntax is walked through.

The purpose for these exploration labs, is to get familiar with common tools, Operation Systems, and technologies.

Purpose

The purpose of macchanger by Alvaro Lopez Ortega

]]>
https://scott-bollinger.com/macchanger-utility-and-usageexploring-the-command-syntax/5dac37b0bc8a2305d420383fMon, 30 Jul 2018 16:00:00 GMTExploring MacchangerMacchanger Utility, and Usage
Exploring the Command Syntax

Used it before, but nothing beyond changing the MAC, and moving on? In this lab, the macchanger command syntax is walked through.

The purpose for these exploration labs, is to get familiar with common tools, Operation Systems, and technologies.

Purpose

The purpose of macchanger by Alvaro Lopez Ortega https://github.com/alobbs/macchanger "GNU MAC Changer is an utility that makes the maniputation of MAC addresses of network interfaces easier." README

Usage

One of the most important things to know is how to find more information. Applications will usually have a help syntax to obtain more information.

Executing macchanger with the syntax option of -h will list the options available.

At the prompt type: macchanger -h

Macchanger Utility, and Usage
Exploring the Command Syntax

Next, I like to review, is the man page for the application, to learn additional details not generally put in the syntax help.

At the prompt type: man macchanger

Macchanger Utility, and Usage
Exploring the Command Syntax
Macchanger Utility, and Usage
Exploring the Command Syntax

In the below video, I walk through the different options of macchanger.

Macchanger Utility, and Usage
Exploring the Command Syntax

Macchanger Utility Command Syntax Walkthrough

Macchanger Utility, and Usage
Exploring the Command Syntax

Why

Why change the MAC address? Obviously it's there for a reason. There are reasons to change it as well.

A couple of those reasons are:

  • Blend in - If all the devices on the network are Apple MAC addresses , an attackers machine with another vendor will standout.
  • Masquerade - Pretending to be an device already approved to be on the network, such as in a MAC filtered wireless lan.

The BIA option, seems interesting as it was unknown to me previously. It would be interesting to see if VMware addresses have that locally administered bit set, but that's for another lab.

]]>
<![CDATA[Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment]]>Beginning of the Security Lab

There are a few options, when it comes to Kali, and running it as a VM. Available for download are, prebuilt VM images, as well as different prebuilt ISO's, depending on the environment. Here, I'm downloading the full ISO, and going to install manually, apply

]]>
https://scott-bollinger.com/install-a-kali-linux-vmin-a-vmware-esxi-6-7-environment/5dac39bebc8a2305d420384cTue, 24 Jul 2018 16:00:00 GMTBeginning of the Security LabInstall a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

There are a few options, when it comes to Kali, and running it as a VM. Available for download are, prebuilt VM images, as well as different prebuilt ISO's, depending on the environment. Here, I'm downloading the full ISO, and going to install manually, apply all outstanding updates, and install/configure SSH.

Kali Download

Go to Kali.org download section and select you desired download.

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment
Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Create the Virtual Machine

I've opened a VMware HTML5 client session with the Host, as I have not yet installed the VSCA. Click Create VM.

Name the VM, select VM options, and configure system resources. The only non default item I configured, was to change the CD/DVD to DataStore ISO, and mount the Kali ISO, downloaded earlier.

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Kali Installation

Start the VM, and click on the little remote window, to open a remote console connection tab.

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

When the boot menu appears, select Install

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Set a Language

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Select a Location

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Choose a Keyboard

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment
Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Enter the Lab Domain Name

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Set a Root password

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Reenter the Root password

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Set Time Zone

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment
Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Setting up the disk partitions, I'm selecting Guided setup with LVM. I'll explore best practices, and different partition scheme's in a future lab.

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Select the disk to be partitioned

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Mentioned above, I've chosen to put everything on one partition

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Select Yes, to write changes to disk

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Select Finish Partitioning, and write changes to disk

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Select Yes, to continue

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Installing

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Select No to Network Mirror

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Installing Grub

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Select Yes, to install Grub to MBR

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Select drive to make system bootable

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment
Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Installation Complete, select Continue

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Rebooting

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

System is up

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Patch Current

To check for, and apply all available updates, type the following: apt-get update && echo 'y' | apt-get upgrade && echo 'y' | apt-get dist-upgrade && echo 'y'

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Setup SSH

Next, I'm setting up SSH. First thing is to create a key. Type: ssh-keygen

Answer file in which to save the key, and assign a password

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Since we are using Root to login, edit the /etc/ssh/sshd_config. Change the option PermitRootLogin to Yes. Save and Exit the file

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Restart the SSH service by typing: service ssh restart

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Test SSH

Open your SSH client of choice on another device, and test SSH to Kali

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Accepted the thumbprint, and we are in!

Install a Kali Linux VM in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Now Explore

Now with Kali installed, I have a ton of stuff to explore and lab!

]]>
<![CDATA[Install Ubuntu 18.04 Virtual Machine in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment]]>Base Camp

Needing a desktop to work from while building the new infrastructure, one of the first virtual machine's I'm building is a Ubuntu 18.04 with a desktop environment. I'll also be updating the OS, and installing the Open-VM-Tools.

The Ubuntu install is pretty straight forward, so this was

]]>
https://scott-bollinger.com/install-ubuntu-18-04-virtual-machinein-a-vmware-esxi-6-7-environment/5dac3e71bc8a2305d420385bTue, 24 Jul 2018 16:00:00 GMTBase CampInstall Ubuntu 18.04 Virtual Machine in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Needing a desktop to work from while building the new infrastructure, one of the first virtual machine's I'm building is a Ubuntu 18.04 with a desktop environment. I'll also be updating the OS, and installing the Open-VM-Tools.

The Ubuntu install is pretty straight forward, so this was a pretty quick lab.

At this point, vCenter is not installed, so I'm logged directly into the HTML5 Client on the Host. Select VM's and Templates, and Create and New Virtual Machine.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 Virtual Machine in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Create a new virtual machine

Install Ubuntu 18.04 Virtual Machine in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Configure the VM's Name, select the compatibility, guest OS family, and version.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 Virtual Machine in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Select the datastore location to store the VM. I select an NFS datastore, but can seamlessly Storage vMotion it elsewhere, once I have the VCSA installed and configured.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 Virtual Machine in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Customize any of the Guest resources as desired. I changed the CD-Rom to DataStore ISO, and selected the location where I have the Ubuntu Install ISO file.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 Virtual Machine in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Click Finish to Create the VM

Install Ubuntu 18.04 Virtual Machine in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Power On the VM, and click on the little remote screen to open a remote session tab.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 Virtual Machine in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

You should be able to see Ubuntu booting from the ISO.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 Virtual Machine in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Selecting my Keyboard Layout

Install Ubuntu 18.04 Virtual Machine in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Select, Install Ubuntu.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 Virtual Machine in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Select Normal, download updates, and install third party software

Install Ubuntu 18.04 Virtual Machine in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

I selected LVM, but did not choose to encrypt, as this is a lab, and the NAS where the VM disk will be stored is encrypted.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 Virtual Machine in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Click Continue, to write partition changes to disk.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 Virtual Machine in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Select timezone

Install Ubuntu 18.04 Virtual Machine in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Configure the host's name, enter name, username, and password.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 Virtual Machine in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Off it goes installing!

Install Ubuntu 18.04 Virtual Machine in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Once the installation is complete, click Restart Now

Install Ubuntu 18.04 Virtual Machine in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

Open a terminal console, and type the following to install all available updates, and upgrades: sudo apt-get update && echo 'y' | sudo apt-get upgrade && echo 'y' | sudo apt-get dist-upgrade && echo 'y'

Install Ubuntu 18.04 Virtual Machine in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment
Install Ubuntu 18.04 Virtual Machine in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment
Install Ubuntu 18.04 Virtual Machine in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

To install Open VM Tools, type the following: sudo apt-get install open-vm-tools open-vm-tools-desktop

Type Y to continue.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 Virtual Machine in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment
Install Ubuntu 18.04 Virtual Machine in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

From the VMware Host's HTML5 client the VMTools now show install and the version of OpenVMTools is shown.

Install Ubuntu 18.04 Virtual Machine in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment

To reboot type: sudo reboot

Install Ubuntu 18.04 Virtual Machine in a VMware ESXi 6.7 Environment


Copyright © 2019 Scott Bollinger / @kfalconspb / Site Map

]]>
<![CDATA[Install xRDP on Ubuntu 18.04]]>Because, Sometimes you need a Remote GUI.

I like RDP, it's familiar. I've used it forever. It has it's strengths, like ease of setup, and familiarity. It also has some weaknesses if not configured securely. As you can see by how short this lab is, that it's pretty simple to

]]>
https://scott-bollinger.com/install-xrdpon-ubuntu-18-04/5dac40e5bc8a2305d420387dTue, 24 Jul 2018 16:00:00 GMTBecause, Sometimes you need a Remote GUI.Install xRDP on Ubuntu 18.04

I like RDP, it's familiar. I've used it forever. It has it's strengths, like ease of setup, and familiarity. It also has some weaknesses if not configured securely. As you can see by how short this lab is, that it's pretty simple to get up and running. That's just what I'm looking for in my lab environment!

Set it up and explore it's options. Use it as a target for your security lab, and see how results differ when what options are set.

Open a terminal connection, type: sudo apt-get install xrdp vnc4server

Replace vnc4server, if you have a different VNC server of choice.

Type Y to continue

Install xRDP on Ubuntu 18.04

Once the installation is complete reboot by typing: sudo reboot

Install xRDP on Ubuntu 18.04

Explore and Enjoy!

]]>
<![CDATA[Install Chromium on Ubuntu 18.04]]>Saying Hello to an Old Friend, or at Least it's Weird Cousin

I've been a Google Chrome fanboy for sometime. So, when I started using Ubuntu, I looked for my normal Google Chrome experience.

In this lab, I'm installing Chromium on Ubuntu 18.04. For me it's a new app

]]>
https://scott-bollinger.com/install-chromium-on-ubuntu-18-04/5dac3fa7bc8a2305d4203869Tue, 24 Jul 2018 16:00:00 GMTSaying Hello to an Old Friend, or at Least it's Weird CousinInstall Chromium
on Ubuntu 18.04

I've been a Google Chrome fanboy for sometime. So, when I started using Ubuntu, I looked for my normal Google Chrome experience.

In this lab, I'm installing Chromium on Ubuntu 18.04. For me it's a new app to explore, but still familiar enough to to actually be useful to use, and get some work done.

It's definitely a One and Done, type of install. Open a terminal connection and type: sudo apt install chromium-browser

Type Y to continue

Install Chromium
on Ubuntu 18.04

It appears the installation was successful. Now to test.

Install Chromium
on Ubuntu 18.04

Click on Activities in the upper left hand corner, type Chromium in the search area, and select Chromium Web Browser

Install Chromium
on Ubuntu 18.04

Looks a lot like Chrome. Now time to explore.

Install Chromium
on Ubuntu 18.04
]]>