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Setting up an Internal vSwitch, NATing in Microsoft Hyper-V

Powershell FTW

Being used to VMware Workstation, where NATing is a few GUI clicks away, I couldn’t find a GUI way of configuring it in Hyper-V. inside local outside hokey pokey; Turn yourself around I don’t mind the command line and actually prefer it sometimes. The PowerShell equivent didn’t end up being too bad. Not like the first time doing Cisco NAT from the CLI.

Setting up NAT

The first code block is the generic commands from the Microsoft reference document the second one is what I used in my lab. Create Internal vSwitch for NATNew-VMSwitch -SwitchName SwitchName” -SwitchType Internal Configure the NAT gatewayNew-NetIPAddress -IPAddress -PrefixLength -InterfaceIndex Configure the NAT networkNew-NetNat -Name -InternalIPInterfaceAddressPrefix What I Used in My Lab New-VMSwitch –SwitchName NATvSwitch” –SwitchType InternalNew-NetIPAddress –IPAddress 172.143.1.1 -PrefixLength 24 -InterfaceAlias vEthernet (NATSwitch)”New-NetNat –Name myNATnetwork –InternalIPInterfaceAddres

There Can Be Only One

Windows (WinNAT) only supports one internal NAT subnet prefix, trying to create multiple NATs will place the system into an unknown state. (1)

References:

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/virtualization/hyper-v-on-windows/user-guide/setup-nat-network/ https://www.thomasmaurer.ch/2016/05/set-up-a-hyper-v-virtual-switch-using-a-nat-network/

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